Species. Cambridge Scarlet Bee Balm: Citrus-flavored leaves, with hints of orange and lemon. Bee Balm Varieties Monarda fistulosa and M. didym a are the varieties most commonly used as medicine by particular Native American tribes, including Blackfoot, Menominee, Ojibwe, and Winnebago. The Winnebago used a bee balm tisane as a general stimulant. Some varieties can be short-lived perennials, almost annuals really, such as 'Bergamo'. Bee balm jelly is essentially just bee balm petal tea with sugar and pectin. In 2008 while I was in the Army my brother and I decided to talk to my mother about switching to medical cannabis. Monarda lutea, or horsemint, is especially known for having high levels of thymol. [2][4] Common names include bee balm, horsemint, oswego tea, the latter inspired by the fragrance of the leaves, which is reminiscent of bergamot orange (Citrus bergamia). The leaves of Bee Balm are usually a darker shade of green and they are slightly broader than those of Wild Bergamot. Pericarp structure and phylogeny of tribe Mentheae (Lamiaceae). Legal Status. Dried for Tea. Native Americans made use of monarda's essential healing oils, and spotted bee balm … Of the species examined in one study, M. didyma contained the highest concentration of oil.[7]. Genus. This often forgotten herb is easy to find fresh, and can be dried for an aromatic and useful bouquet. They are prone to developing powdery mildew in high humidity, especially if planted in a place without good air circulation. Hello, my name is Jacob Bowman. Combines well with mint. Oil of bergamot comes from the bergamot orange and is used to flavor Earl Grey tea. In this case, the skin should not be exposed to sunlight after external use of the oil. A tisane made from the plant was also used to treat mouth and throat infections caused by dental caries and gingivitis. M. didyma has bright carmine red flowers, M. fistulosa has pink, and M. citriodora and M. pectinata have pale purple. Native Americans and later settlers also used it to alleviate stomach and bronchial ailments. There are two stamens. Monarda citriodora has leaves that are lemon-scented. Family – Lamiaceae. [3] The genus is endemic to North America. Several species, including Monarda fistulosa and M. didyma, have a long history of use as medicinal plants by many Native Americans, such as the Blackfoot, Menominee, Ojibwa and Winnebago. js = d.createElement(s); js.id = id; Also complements many fruits, including strawberries, oranges, apples, melons, and tangerines. Hybrids occur in the wild, and they are common in cultivation. The herb contains thymol, which is responsible for many of the plants healing qualities. Last week, with the help of the community, “Bee Balm” was named the county’s official pollinator plant. To create a mock-Earl Gray tea, steep 2 tablespoons of dried Monarda flowers with a good black tea for 5-7 minutes. Often called bergamot because its citrusy flavor is similar to the bergamot orange, bee balm flowers make a great addition to oil when frying white fish or scallops. Bergamot bears a dozen or more tubularshaped flowers clustered in pom-pom shaped whorls atop strong, square stems with pairs of oval, hairy leaves 3 1/4 in. }(document, "script", "aweber-wjs-d2559b6gz")); Copyright © The Epicentre - Website designed by, How to Start Your First Fresh Herb Garden, Want to Go Organic? Bee balm leaves have a very strong flavor and should be dried before use. DO NOT BOIL THE FLOWERS. Inflorescences occur at the top of the stem or emerge from the axils. Bee balms, which are native to eastern North America (1), are a member of the Mint (Lamiaceae) family. The name “bee balm” is one of the many common names of the Monarda genus. [10], The following cultivars have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:[11], The UK National Collection of Monardas is held at Glyn Bach Gardens at Pont Hywel, Efailwen, near Llandissilio in Pembrokeshire.[18]. The plant has antibacterial properties, which helps to treat infections. The common name beebalm refers to the use of a resin derived from the plant that may be used for healing and soothing in particularly of bee stings. The fresh or dried leaves are brewed into a refreshing, aromatic herbal tea. Bee balm is a great addition to a pollinator garden. Other Names: Eastern Bee balm, Bergamot, Wild Oswego Tea, Horse mint, Monarda Monarda L. – beebalm. Flower color varies, with wild species bearing red, pink, and light purple flowers. The plant should be divided every 3 years to keep it tidy. Here Are Some Better Gift Ideas For Him. Monarda grows best in full sun but tolerates light shade, and will thrive in any moist soil that is rich in organic matter such as manure, compost, or leaf mold. Subordinate Taxa. Monarda is a genus of flowering plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae. Monarda fruit punch is delicious, and the flowers a colourful addition to salads. [8] An infusion of crushed, boiled Monarda has been used to treat headache and fever. Their strong flavor also goes well with meat and pork dishes. Monarda blooms in the full sun. The plants are widespread across North America and can be found in moist meadows, hillsides, and forest clearings up to 5,000 feet (1,500 m) in elevation. “We actually had a contest where over 500 people voted,” Ball said. Add the dried leaves to black tea to make your own Earl Grey. Seed collected from hybrids does not yield plants identical to the parent. The Bee Balm is grown in North America, which is a thriving woodland area. Bee balm is the common name of both Monarda didyma, which has red flowers, or Monarda fistulosa, which can have lavender, pink, or white flowers.M. Monarda's common names are Bee Balm, as it has great allure to the bees, and also Bergamot because the leaves are scented and when rubbed it is said they smell similar to the Bergamot oranges. The resplendent flowers range from pink and mauve to a rich, vibrant red in the case of the most popular ‘Cambridge scarlet’ variety. This can be harmful to pregnant women. Historical. Bee balm lends a bright, wild look to mixed bouquets. Bergaptene is also found in bergamot, and may cause phototoxicity. Here’s How to Change Your Diet Step-by-Step, Reasons Behind The Soaring Popularity Of CBD Gummies, Do Men Like Flowers Too? Bee balm flowers can be fresh-frozen and will keep for two months or more. Bee balm plants are perennial, coming back year after year to add cheerful color to your garden. One of the most important things to know about bee balm is that they are vigorous plants. Although somewhat bitter due to the thymol content in the leaves and buds, the plant tastes like a mix of spearmint and peppermint with oregano. Other Names. Common Name(s): Beebalm; Bee Balm; Bee-balm; Bergamont; Bergamot; Crimson Bee-balm; Horsemint; Oswego Tea; Scarlet Bee Balm My mother is the genius behind Buzzed Bee Balm and all of our products we have. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. Bergamot can be used in several ways outside of tea. Be sure to allow for good air circulation around the plants to prevent attacks from powdery mildew! Monarda, called by the common names of bee balm, horsemint and bergamot, is part of the mint family. fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js, fjs); In addition to bee balm, Monarda, … 1. The genus was named for the Spanish botanist Nicolás Monardes, who wrote a book in 1574 describing plants of the New World. Also known by its botanical name of Monarda, bee balm is very attractive to bees, butterflies and hummingbirds. Bee Balm is used to counter Feverishness. For bareroot varieties, plant with the old stems pointing up. \"Oswego tea\" is another common name. Bergamot gets its name from the similarity it has in aroma to the bergamot orange (Citrus bergamia). The wild flowers are single, but some cultivated forms have double flowers. The color range can be anywhere between warm reds and cool blues. Also known as the “bergamot,” the bee balm flowers produce a citrus scent that’s similar to what you might expect when cutting up a bergamot orange. They can be used in salads, herb butters, or sprinkled over steamed vegetables. Bee balm, also known by its botanical name, “Monarda,” is a tall, perennial that’s native to Northern America. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. These beautiful native perennials can grow several feet tall, and serve valuable nectar to butterflies and hummingbirds. It is an effective herbal cure for Headache. You can stimulate a second flowering in the same year by cutting the flowers right after they bloom. In the fall, prune your Monarda plants to within an inch of the ground. if (d.getElementById(id)) return; Growing to be about 20-29 cm in height, these herbaceous plants produce flowers annually or perennially depending on species. It is interesting that the seeds obtaine… Earl Grey tea is flavored with the rind of citrus bergamia, the bergamot orange. Monarda species and their many hybrid varieties come in a stunning range of colors. Bee balm has its origin in North America. It is best to use the flowers for tea, the leaves have a hotter, oregano-like flavor. Bee Balm, Bergamot, American Melissa, Fragrant Balm, Gold Melissa, Horse Mint, Indian Nettle, Indian Plume, Oswego Tea, Cambridge Scarlet Bee Balm: Monarda didyma Lavender Bee Balm: Monarda fistula Fam: Labiatae (mint family). Bee Balm Pink Lace | Monarda | Bee Balm Bee Balm, as the name suggests, is bee friendly and will attract butterflies and hummingbirds to your garden. It is a somewhat coarse, clump-forming, mint family member that features tubular, two-lipped, bright scarlet-red flowers crowded into dense, globular, terminal flowerheads (to 3-4 across) somewhat resembling unkempt mo… [6] Monarda is divided into two distinct subgenera, Monarda and Cheilyctis. It grows from two to four feet tall depending on the variety, and will fit well into your herb garden or can be used for a perennial border planting. Externally, bee balm is a wonderful aromatherapy herb. While the flowers usually appear individually, some cultivars are created to have two of them on one stem. Deeply breathing in the steam may also help relieve cold symptoms such as sore throat, fever, and congestion. [5] https://www.almanac.com/plant/bee-balm. Ryding, P. O. The plants are well known to attract butterflies and bees. Monarda didyma, known by a number of different common names including bee balm, Oswego tea and bergamot, is native to eastern North America where it typically occurs in bottomlands, thickets, moist woods and along streambanks from Maine to Minnesota south to Missouri and Georgia. We have an online shop for hard-to-find and best-quality spices and blends. Some bees pollinate them, but primarily it is butterflies and humming birds, or humming bird moths. The flavor of Earl Gray tea is often attributed to Monarda, yet, the taste actually originates from the oil of Citrus aurantium bergamia (Bergamot Orange). They are hermaphroditic, with male and female structures in each flower. The genus is endemic to North America. Latin Name Pronunciation: mo-nar'duh . These are generally not as robust as wild species. This plant has no children. Enliven the taste and look of salads by adding a sprinkling of bergamot flowers. They are also one of the top rabbit-resistant plants for your garden. Another common name for Monarda didyma is Oswego Tea, which refers to the medicinal use of its leaves by an Amerindian tribe of the same name. Bee balm was also used as a carminative herb by Native Americans to prevent excessive flatulence. Monarda, commonly called bee balm or bergamot, is also known by the names oswego tea and horsemint. At the same time her doctor was telling her to seek “alternative” solutions. The Epicentre is about herbs and spices, the spice trade, cooking with spices, recipes and health benefits of spice. Choose a location in full sun or partial shade with moisture-retentive soil. It is also known by the common names bergamot, Oswego tea, and crimson beebalm. Flower color: brilliant scarlet, Lavender Bee Balm: Large and colorful, spicy flowers. Monarda species include annual and perennial herbaceous plants. Common names are from state and federal lists. The Blackfoot recognized the strong antiseptic action of the plants, and used them in poultices for skin infections and minor wounds. The thymol in bergamot can cause vomiting, nausea, gastric pain, convulsion, or rashes. The genus was named for the Spanish botanist Nicolás Monardes, who wrote a book in 1574 describing plants of the New World. Molecular phylogenetic studies of this tribe have been poorly sampled, and relationships within it remain unclear. Bee Balm is another name for Horsemint. The flavor of Monarda combines well with tropical fruits like pineapple, mango and orange. Certainly, the strong, citrusy fragrance emanating from bee balm bears more than a passing resemblance to a steaming cup of Earl Grey, but bergamot oil comes from a citrus fruit, not this cottage garden favorite. As the name suggests, their presence will summon bees to your garden, along with other nectar seekers, such as butterflies and hummingbirds. M. didyma has red-colored flowers, and contains the highest amounts of essential oils. Makes a great gift. Plant taxonomy classifies red bee balm plants (alternatively termed \"scarlet\") as Monarda didyma. Botanical Name and Family. Oswego Tea can be made as a soothing drink to calm nerves and as a relaxing sleep aid, and is often combined with other well-known relaxation herbs such as Valerian and Chamomile for this purpose. A steam inhalation of the plant is useful for soothing inflamed mucus membranes. Monarda didyma L. – scarlet beebalm. Common names include bee balm, horsemint, oswego tea, the latter inspired by the fragrance of the leaves, which is reminiscent of bergamot orange (Citrus bergamia). Bergamot is another common name for bee balm, but is misleading. Hearty, dark red stems of … js.src = "//forms.aweber.com/form/61/50414661.js"; Use whole flowers to make attractive floating garnishes in punch bowls of sangria, or use them to decorate the rim of a serving platter. Others, as illustrated above right M. 'Squaw' are more long lasting. Interspecific relationships in the genus, "Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families", "2013 BONAP North American Plant Atlas. [20] These are easily distinguished by several characters.[3]. Bee balm was traditionally used by Native Americans as a seasoning for wild game, particularly birds. The common name “bee balm” derives from the fact that bees love the nectar of the sweet smelling blossoms. We are easy to reach and eager to please: (function(d, s, id) { Monarda is a genus of flowering plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae. Try placing a handful of fresh leaves in a cloth and positioning it under hot running bath water for a relaxing, lemony scented bath. Dig up the root clump in the early spring, discard the inner, older portion, and re-plant the new divisions 12 to 15 inches apart. The plant can be used as a cooking herb. There are many different varieties of the Monarda species, and about 50 commercial cultivars commonly available. Here’s how to plant and grow bee balm in your garden! Flower color: purple. Bee balm is a ‘catch all’ term that encompasses several species of flowering herbs from the Monarda genus. A single cup can be made by pouring one cup of boiling water over 2 teaspoons of dried flowers in a tea infuser or strainer. The name “bergamot” derives from the scent of the plant’s flower, leaves and roots that resemble Bergamot Orange, Citrus bergamia, the source of bergamot oil used to flavor Earl Grey tea. The leaves are slender, serrated, and arrange parallel to each other, usually with very few hairs. What Are The Best Spices To Use In BBQ Rubs. [CDATA[ google_ad_client = "ca-pub-0348064665172985"; /* Epicentre 300x250 anywhere */ google_ad_slot = "5495859598"; google_ad_width = 300; google_ad_height = 250; // ]]> Bergamot is a member of the mint family. In small garden settings, some varieties of bee balm can out-compete less aggressive neighbors, so be careful where you plant them. Monarda are used in beds and borders to attract hummingbirds, pollinating insects, and insects that control garden pests. [5][6], The crushed leaves of all species exude a spicy, fragrant essential oil. Bee Balm, Bergamot, American Melissa, Fragrant Balm, Gold Melissa, Horse Mint, Indian Nettle, Indian Plume, Oswego Tea. It’s delightful with cream cheese or simply spread on toast. Poultices and compresses are used for skin infections or bruises. The leaves and flowers of monarda are used for colds, reducing fever, soothing sore throats, headaches, insomnia and menstrual pain. Oswego tea was embraced as a beverage by the early American settlers, who after the Boston tea party in 1773, boycotted Indian tea which was traded by the English. The flowers have a tubular shape and are symmetrical, with a wider lower lip. Dangers: Bergamot stimulates contractions in the uterus. Monarda petals can taste citrusy or have a peppery quality similar to oregano, depending on variety and where it is grown. Common Name. Other known names of this plant are Monarda, wild bergamot, horsemint, and Oswego tea. Botanical Name – Monarda. Similar plants with lavender flowers are also popular; classified as Monarda fistulosa, they go by the common name \"wild bergamot.\" Bee Balm Jelly. After the Boston Tea Party, it was a very popular beverage. R… bee balm, name for several herbs, especially Melissa officinalis and Monarda didyma, both typical perennials of the family Labiatae (mint [1] family) named for … For faster growth, fertilize in the spring with a good all purpose (10-10-10) liquid plant food. Scora, R. W. 1967. It also has antiseptic qualities that fight bacteria, parasites and fungi. 2. It is also good for soothing the digestive tract. In dry conditions, Bee Balm is susceptible to powdery mildew. Early pilgrims, such as the east coast Shakers and native American Indians, such as the Oneida Indians used the tea to remedy colds and sore throats, and it’s often used in the same way today. U.S. Weed Information; Monarda fistulosa . Bee Balm herb is noted for its fragrance, and is a source of oil of thyme. Use fresh whole or chopped leaves in recipes for duck, meat, sausages, and curries. Bee balm spreads by rhizomes, or underground stems, which makes them easy to split and divide. var js, fjs = d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0]; Some hybrids have been developed to produce high levels of essential oil for use as flavoring or medicine. Bergarnot is native to North America and was used to make an infusion by the Oswego Indians, hence the name ‘Oswego tea’. Harley, R. M., et al. Scientific Name: Cambridge Scarlet Bee Balm: Monarda didyma Lavender Bee Balm: Monarda fistula Fam: Labiatae (mint family) Image by Mabel Amber from Pixabay (2 cm) wide. TaxonMaps", "Growing Bee Balm: How to Plant, Grow, and Care for Bee Balm", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Monarda&oldid=985937729, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 October 2020, at 20:59. For potted varieties, plant the crown at soil level. It is a delightfully spicy edible flower and native medicinal herb, as well as an easy-to-grow, vigorous native nectar plant that will attract bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds to your pollinator garden. didyma and M. fistulosa are two of the most popular species among the seventeen species and over fifty cultivars of the plant.One or more of them are found nearly everywhere in North America (USDA). The whole plant is valuable for medicinal purposes. The slender, serrated, lanceolate leaves are oppositely arranged on the square stem, hairless or sparsely hairy, and about 7 to 14 centimeters long. Bee balm is a natural source of the antiseptic compound thymol, the primary active ingredient in some modern commercial mouthwash formulas. The plants are unrelated but have similar flavors. 2004. Plants growing in partial shade spread horizontally and produce fewer flowers. The bee balm flower has an open, daisy-like shape, with tubular petals in shades of red, pink, purple and white. It’s lovely in the jar and carries a light honey flavor with minty undertones. They grow erect to heights of 20–90 cm (8–35 in). Like other members of the mint family, Bee Balm can become invasive, but you can keep your clump contained by dividing the roots in either spring or fall. Bee Balm is also known by other names such as Horsemint, Wild Bergamot, and Oswego tea. wild bergamot. Monarda fistulosa, the wild bergamot or bee balm, is a wildflower in the mint family (Lamiaceae) widespread and abundant as a native plant in much of North America. [9], There are over 50 commercial cultivars whose hybrid colors range from dark red mahogany to bluish lilac to multiple shades of pink. The flowers are tubular and bilaterally symmetric, with a narrow upper lip and a wider lower lip. A perennial favorite native to North America, bee balm (also called wild bergamot) is beloved in flower beds for its beautiful blooms of red, pink, purple or white—not to mention the fragrant foliage. Bee balm is a member of the mint family but has a citrus quality to it. The species is quite variable, and several subspecies or varieties have been recognized within it. The fresh leaves can be added to jellies, punch, lemonade or wine to add extra taste. Use fresh or dried leaves in tomato dishes, and as a substitute for sage in stuffing for poultry and meats, especially pork and veal. Rhode Island. Bergamot was identified in the sixteenth century by the Spanish medical botanist Nicolas de Monardes, whose name is used to identify this genus of plants. Fresh flowers are edible and can be used in salads or as garnishes. The Oswego Indians used it to make a delicious tea and taught settlers coming to America to make it. Monarda species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species, including case-bearers of the genus Coleophora. pp 167-275 In: Kubitzki, K. (editor) and J. W. Kadereit (volume editor). The scent is similar to the bergamot orange that flavors Earl Grey tea. This plant, with showy summer-blooming pink to lavender flowers, is often used as a honey plant, medicinal plant, and garden ornamental. wild bergamot. The thymol present in the plant can cause nausea, convulsions, vomit, gastric pain or external rashes. //