Information on Rhododendrons by Marc Colombel, founder of the Société Bretonne du Rhododendron. (2005)[2] and by Craven et al. Jasper Fforde a British author, also uses rhododendron as a motif throughout many of his published books. Rhododendrons have fibrous roots and prefer well-drained soils high in organic material. Locally known as ‘Gulabi Buransh’, the Pink Rhododendron is the state flower of Himachal Pradesh. [36] Then Judd & Kron moved two species (Rhododendron schlippenbachii, R. quinquefolium) from section Brachybachii, subgenus Tsutsusi and two from section Rhodora, subgenus Pentanthera (R. albrechtii, R. pentaphyllum) into section Sciadorhodion, subgenus Pentanthera. The flower symbol of Himachal Pradesh is Pink Rhododendron. Snow Leopard, Jujurana, Deodar, Pink Rhododendron are the State animal, State bird, State tree, State flower respectively. [64] Mulching and careful watering are important, especially before the plant is established. The next two smaller subgenera (Pentanthera and Tsutsusi) represent the 'Azaleas'. The 65% of people in Himachal Pradesh are attached to the agricultural sector. State Flower: Pink Rhododendron; State Tree : Deodar Cedar (Cedrus deodara) GEOGRAPHY. People have been known to become ill from eating honey made by bees feeding on rhododendron and azalea flowers. Snow Leopard would be the new State Animal, Western Tragopan (Jujurana) (Tragopan melanocephalus) to be State Bird and Pink Rhododendron (Rhododendron campanulatum) to be the State Flower of Himachal Pradesh. These have been progressively incorporated into Rhododendron. Q 58: Name of the state bird of HP? Azaleas make up two subgenera of Rhododendron. State Flower: Pink Rhododendron. The aromatic musk scent glands found only in adult males are for attracting mates. [51] Azaleas are frequently used around foundations and occasionally as hedges, and many larger-leafed rhododendrons lend themselves well to more informal plantings and woodland gardens, or as specimen plants. On 25th January, 1971, Himachal Pradesh … In some species, the undersides of the leaves are covered with scales (lepidote) or hairs (indumentum). [75] Rhododendron is extremely toxic to horses, with some animals dying within a few hours of ingesting the plant, although most horses tend to avoid it if they have access to good forage. [74] The suspect rhododendrons are Rhododendron ponticum and Rhododendron luteum (formerly Azalea pontica), both found in northern Asia Minor. [7][8] The leaves are spirally arranged; leaf size can range from 1–2 cm (0.4–0.8 in) to over 50 cm (20 in), exceptionally 100 cm (40 in) in R. sinogrande. The herbal tea called Labrador tea (not a true tea) is made from one of three closely related species: In the UK the forerunner of the Rhododendron, Camellia and Magnolia Group (RCMG), The Rhododendron Society was founded in 1916. It also has a great tourism value because a pleasant weather is continuing here throughout the year. Answer:- Deodar cedar. Courtsey: Himachal Pradesh Forest Department . Subgenus Tsutsusi is found in the maritime regions of East Asia (Japan, Korea, Taiwan, East China), but not in North America or Eurasia.[2][24]. Its leaves are traded as … © Copyright 2019, Department of Tourism & Civil Aviation, Government of Himachal Pradesh. By road: State-owned bus facilities of Himachal Pradesh Road Transport Corporation are accessible from Kullu connecting with the nearby cities. Its scientific name is Rhododendron … It is a very beautiful flower with pink coloured petals. It is a very beautiful flower with pink coloured petals. The Chief Commissioner’s province of Himachal Pradesh came into being on 15th April 1948. The Species of Rhododendron[26] referred to this series concept as the Balfourian system. Home to an extremely hostile habitat of snow mountain ranges, the snow leopard is a powerful predator preying mainly upon blue sheep and the ibex. Calyx is 5-lobed. State Animal - SNOW LEOPARD . Originally Rhododendrons are natives of Asia and when one is in bloom, it is a sight to behold. On 25th January 1971, Himachal Pradesh … 3. State Flower : Pink Rhododendron. Rhododendron /ˌroʊdəˈdɛndrən/ (from Ancient Greek ῥόδον rhódon "rose" and δένδρον déndron "tree")[4][5] is a genus of 1,024 species of woody plants in the heath family (Ericaceae), either evergreen or deciduous, and found mainly in Asia, although it is also widespread throughout lowland and montane forests in the Pacific Northwest, California, the Northeastern United States, and especially in the highlands of the Appalachian Mountains of North America. The remaining four subgenera contain very few species. It is the state bird of Himachal Pradesh . and Registration Act 2002, Himachal Pradesh Miscellaneous Adventure Activities Rules 2017, Scheme for Interest Subvention on Working Capital Loan for Hospitality Industry, Safety Guidelines for Tourists visiting Himachal Pradesh, '50 Saal Ke Rang Paryatan Ke Sang' Online campaign at https://himachal.mygov.in/. Manu and Sapt Rishis in Kullu Out of 51 Shaktipeeths in India, Himachal is privileged to have 5 Shakti Peeths. 1 month ago. They are distinguished from "true" rhododendrons by having only five anthers per flower. Individual hybrids of rhododendrons have been grafted on to a rootstock on a single rhododendron plant that was found growing in a chalk quarry. ", "Rescuing the Ghent and Rustica Flore Pleno Azaleas", "Soil information for planting rhododendrons", "Integrating ethnobiological knowledge into biodiversity conservation in the Eastern Himalayas", "Anti-inflammatory activity of flowers of, "Rhododendron poison – truth behind the science of Sherlock Holmes", "Language of Flowers – Flower Meanings and Flower Sentiments", "Shades of Grey – An Interview with Jasper Fforde about Shades of Grey", "Conservation of Rhododendron Species and their historic Gardens", "Historical Survey of Rhododendron Collecting With Emphasis on its Close Associations with Horticulture", "The Discovery of the Malaysian Rhododendrons", "Evolution, Adaptive Radiation and Vireya Rhododendrons - Part I", "Evolution, Adaptive Radiation and Vireya Rhododendrons – Part II", Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library, History of Rhododendron Discovery & Culture, Description of damage caused by Rhododendrons in the UK. Rhododendron arboreum is also the state tree of the state of Uttarakhand, India. It covers an area of 56,019 km² (21,629 mi²), although the border with China is still disputed. Rhododendron is also the provincial flower of Jiangxi, China and the state flower of Nagaland, the 16th state of the Indian Union. Popularly known as the Devbhumi – “Land of the Gods”, Himachal Pradesh is a beautiful hill state in India, nestles in the north-west region of western Himalayas.The state is landlocked with the Tibetan plateau … The plant is found in the Himalayas from Kashmir to Bhutan and in the hills of Assam and Manipur at an altitude of 1200-4000 m. In Himachal Pradesh, it is found in Chamba, Kangra, Kullu, Shimla, Mandi, Kinnaur and Sirmour [11], Although Rhododendrons had been known since the description of Rhododendron hirsutum by Charles de l'Écluse (Clusius) in the sixteenth century, and were known to classical writers (Magor 1990), and referred to as Chamaerhododendron (low-growing rose tree), the genus was first formally described by Linnaeus in his Species Plantarum in 1753. Rhododendron campanulatum D. Don. Road transport is the most popular mode in hilly terrain. The small polyphyletic subgenera Pentanthera and Azaleastrum were divided between two clades. Sleumer based his system on the relationship of the flower buds to the leaf buds, habitat, flower structure, and whether the leaves were lepidote or non-lepidote. Himachal Pradesh literally means Snow-laden Region and is one of the most beautiful and diverse states in India. Kasol is famous by the nickname of ‘Mini Israel’ perhaps because of its maximum tourists being that of Israeli origin and so most of the shops and inns to bear hoarding in the Hebrew language. [68] Other examples include the PJM hybrids, formed from a cross between Rhododendron carolinianum and R. dauricum, and named after Peter J. Mezitt of Weston Nurseries, Massachusetts. Pink Rhododendron (Rhododendron campanulatum) is the State Flower of Himachal Pradesh, India. Read Also: Mountain Peaks of Himachal Pradesh hpgk notes hp current gk himachal pradesh himachal news today himachal govt job 2020 hppsc shimla hp general studies hp current affairs 2020 hp gk hp gk in hindi ... state flower--- pink rhododendron. [2], Rhododendron are characterised by having inflorescences with scarious (dry) perulae, a chromosome number of x=13, fruit that has a septicidal capsule, an ovary that is superior (or nearly so), stamens that have no appendages, and agglutinate (clumped) pollen. This rare deer normally lives far from human habitation in a habitat of hilly and forested environment in mountain ranges. Records of the Rhododendron Society of America reside at the Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library at the University of Virginia. Introduced from Europe into snow fed cold streams in the early part of the 20th century, trout have thrived in many streams of Himachal Pradesh. Large-scale commercial growing often selects for different characteristics than hobbyist growers might want, such as resistance to root rot when overwatered, ability to be forced into budding early, ease of rooting or other propagation, and saleability. Himachal Pradesh boasts of a wide variety of fauna which include approximately 463 bird, 80 fish, 77 mammalian, and some 44 reptile species. There is great diversification in the climatic conditions of Himachal due to variation in elevation (450-6500mtrs). and R. maximum). Himachal is also said to be the fruit bowl of the country. For any query regarding this website, contact Sh.Surjeet Kumar,Nodal Officer Ph:0177-2625924. In some areas, larger rhododendrons can be pruned to encourage more tree-like form, with some species such as Rhododendron arboreum and R. falconeri eventually growing to 10–15 m or more tall. SOPs for Operation of Ropeway Projects in Himachal Pradesh, Guidelines of Unlock-2-Revenue Department-DM Cell, COVID-19 Safety and Hygiene Guidelines for Tourism Sector, Order of Revenue Department-Disaster Management Cell, Guidelines for Incentives and Concessions for Tourism Units, HP Tourism Dev. They may be either evergreen or deciduous. Agriculture provides direct employment to over 65% of the state’s working population. While Sleumer's work was widely accepted, many in the United States and the United Kingdom continued to use the simpler Balfourian system of the Edinburgh group. Its scientific name is Rhododendron campanulatum. It is the national flower of Nepal, the state flower of Washington and West Virginia in the United States, the provincial flower of Jiangxi in China and the state tree of Sikkim and Uttarakhand in India. An anglers sporting delight, both Brown and Rainbow trout are also commercially farmed as table fish. 86 crores in the name of the COVID-19 relief fund, but only Rs 25 crore was spent.It was stated by Sanjay Chauhan, former Mayor of Shimla … [citation needed], In the language of flowers, the Rhododendron symbolizes danger and to beware.[77]. One of them – Pong Dam wetland, has been declared a Ramsar Wetland site of international importance. Shimla: Snow Leopard would be the new State Animal, Western Tragopan (Jujurana) (Tragopan melanocephalus) to be State Bird and Pink Rhododendron (Rhododendron campanulatum) to be the State Flower of Himachal Pradesh. This endemic and rare variety of rhododendron grows 5 to 10 meters tall and thrives at an altitude of 2400 meters in semi-dense temperate forests. [32] In 1987 Spethmann, adding phytochemical features proposed a system with fifteen subgenera grouped into three 'chorus' subgenera. [80]:53 The juice of rhododendron flower is used to make a squash called burans (named after the flower) in the hilly regions of Uttarakhand. Yes, it does! [76] It was also mentioned in the third episode of Season 2 of BBC's Sherlock, speculated to have been a part of Sherlock's fake death scheme. giganteum, reported to 30 m (100 ft) tall. Content on this website is published and managed by Department of Tourism & Civil Aviation, Block No. Be key morphological characteristics fruit bowl of the three minor subgenera, in., pink Rhododendron is now the state Government Organizations also a solitary Life, the pink Rhododendron the! 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