"Cosimo I" redirects here. Cosimo, who attained an unofficial personal dominance over the state in 1434, was to hold it until his death in 1464 and then pass it on to his descendants. He was given the title of Grand Duke by the Pope. Born in Florence, he was the son of Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, and Eleanor of Toledo.He served as regent for his father Cosimo after he retired from his governing duties in 1564. In 1537, Cosimo sent Bernardo Antonio de' Medici to Holy Roman Emperor Charles V to gain recognition for his position as head of the Florentine state. When the Florentine exiles heard of the death of Alessandro, they marshalled their forces with support from France and from disgruntled neighbors of Florence. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Cosimo-I. Cosimo came to power in 1537 at age 17, just after the 26-year-old Duke of Florence, Alessandro de' Medici, was assassinated. Posts about Duke Cosimo I de’ Medici written by Glendon. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. However, as the Florentine literatus Benedetto Varchi famously put it, "The innkeeper's reckoning was different from the glutton's." Prior to Medici rule, Florence had been a republic. Biography 'Cosimo was born in Florence, the son of the famous condottiere Giovanni dalle Bande Nere from Forlì and Maria Salviati. He never married. 1 Through skillful persistence, endurance, family and political connections, one became the first Grand Duke of Tuscany and the other the most powerful woman in 16th century Europe. He was the son of Giovanni dalle Bande Nere and Maria Salviati.. Title: Cosimo III de' Medici (1642–1723), Grand Duke of Tuscany Artist: Giovanni Battista Foggini (Italian, Florence 1652–1725 Florence) Date: ca. He reigned from 1670 to 1723, and was the elder son of Grand Duke Ferdinando II.  Cosimo proved strong-willed, astute and ambitious and soon rejected the clause he had signed that entrusted much of the power of the Florentine duchy to a Council of Forty-Eight. He went on Cosimo II de Medici, Granduca di Toscana was born in 1590. On March 1, 1564, he resigned the actual government of his dominions to his eldest son, Francis, though he retained his ducal title and certain prerogatives; and in December 1565 Francis was married to the Austrian archduchess Joanna (Joan), a diplomatic achievement celebrated with great festivity. 1680–82 Culture: Italian, Florence Medium: Marble with base of gray marble Dimensions: Overall (confirmed): 39 1/8 × 31 × 16 7/8 in., 391 lb. Cosimo de' Medici was born on 14 August 1642, the eldest surviving son of Vittoria della Rovere of Urbino, and Ferdinando II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany. Duke Cosimo I de’ Medici (2001), edited by Konrad Eisenbichler. The statue of Cosimo I in Florence is a masterpiece by Giambologna. …with an oligarchy subordinate to Cosimo de’ Medici. Cosimo then had the principal captives beheaded and began, with Charles V’s approval (September 1537), to style himself duke. Cosimo also was an active builder of military structures, as a part of his attempt to save the Florentine state from the frequent passage of foreign armies. Cosimo I. de’ Medici (* 12.Juni 1519 in Florenz; † 21. For the founder of the Medici dynasty, see Cosimo de' Medici. Cosimo, babasının ardından ailenin siyasal güçlerinin temelini atmıştır. His plans for annexing Lucca and Piombino in the 1540s were frustrated, but his enterprise against the republic of Siena, which sheltered exiles from Florence and pursued a pro-French policy, was successful. The Duchess died with her sons Giovanni and Garzia in 1562, when she was only forty; all three of them were struck down by malaria while traveling to Pisa. Surprisingly for the era, Cosimo was faithful to his wife throughout their married life. Cosimo I, in full Cosimo de’ Medici, byname Cosimo the Great, Italian Cosimo il Grande, (born June 12, 1519—died April 21, 1574, Castello, near Florence [Italy]), second duke of Florence (1537–74) and first grand duke of Tuscany (1569–74). Boston University Libraries. Bia de' Medici (1536 – 1 March 1542) died in infancy. Originally intended as a means of consolidating his administrative control of the various committees, agencies, and guilds established in Florence's Republican past, it now houses one of the world's most important collections of art, much of it commissioned and/or owned by various members of the Medici family. Cosimo de’ Medici, founder of one of the main lines of the Medici family that ruled Florence from 1434 to 1537. A large bronze equestrian statue of Cosimo I by Giambologna, erected in 1598, still stands today in the Piazza della Signoria, the main square of Florence. Try.  After defeating the exiles' army, Vitelli stormed the fortress, where Strozzi and a few of his companions had retreated to safety.  When Cosimo heard of their approach, he sent his best troops under Alessandro Vitelli to engage the enemy, which they did at Montemurlo. April 1574 in der Villa Medici von Castello in Florenz) aus der Familie der Medici war ab 1537 Herzog von Florenz und ab 1569 Großherzog der Toskana.Sein Vater war Giovanni dalle Bande Nere, seine Mutter Maria Salviati.Er war Mitglied des Ordens vom Goldenen Vlies Cosimo was also an enthusiast of alchemy, a passion he inherited from his grandmother Caterina Sforza. "Ma un conto facea il ghiotto, e un altro il taverniere", B. Varchi, Storia Fiorentina, 15, 600. Cosimo III de' Medici was the penultimate Medici Grand Duke of Tuscany. Marriage and family. She provided the Medici with the Pitti Palace and was a patron of the new Jesuit order. In 1534 he departed for Rome, leaving the Sagrestia Nuova tombs and the Laurentian Library unfinished. Stephen.. See more ideas about Grand duke, Renaissance art, Renaissance. Mattias de' Medici (9 May 1613 – 11 October 1667) was the third son of Grand Duke Cosimo II de' Medici of Tuscany and Archduchess Maria Maddalena of Austria.He was governor of Siena, with interruptions, from 1629. Cosimo also finished the Pitti Palace as a home for the Medici and created the magnificent Boboli Gardens behind the Pitti. As the Duke left no legitimate male heir and Lorenzino decayed of his right, his right to the succession … Notes. Eleonora de Toledo with her son Giovanni by Bronzino,1545. The cameo shows Cosimo I de’ Medici (1519 – 1574), then Duke of Florence, his wife, Eleonor of Toledo (1519 – 1562), and their sons, Francesco (1541 – 1587), Ferdinando (1549 – 1609), Giovanni (1543 – 1562), Garzia (1547 – 1562) and the young Pietro (1554 – 1604), not yet at the height of his mother’s waist, playing with the golden fleece. They were decorated with fountains, a labyrinth, a grotto and ingenious ornamental water features, and were a prototype for the Italian Renaissance garden. 1 He was the son of Ferdinando I de Medici, Granduca di Toscana and Christine de Lorraine. The prominent prisoners were subsequently beheaded on the Piazza della Signoria or in the Bargello. The relief is signed and dated under the truncation of the bust: MDLXX/FRANci OPVS/F. Cosimo I de’ Medici (Florence, June 12, 1519 – April 21, 1574) was Duke of Florence and later, the first Grand Duke of Tuscany. When, in 1537, Lorenzino de’ Medici murdered Alessandro de’ Medici, the tyrannical Duke of Florence, Cosimo was the … Portrait of Duke Cosimo I De' Medici: Amazon.ca: Home & Kitchen. Despite his economic difficulties, Cosimo was a lavish patron of the arts and also developed the Florentine navy, which eventually took part in the Battle of Lepanto, and which he entrusted to his new creation, the Knights of St. Grave site information of Cosimo I de' Medici Grand Duke of Tuscany (12 Jun 1519 - 21 Apr 1574) at Basilica di San Lorenzo in Florence, Province of Florence, Tuscany, Italy from BillionGraves Robert B Simon, Bronzino's Portraits of Cosimo I de' Medici, PhD thesis, 2 vols, United States of America, 1982, vol 1, pp 86–87, vol 2, pp 97ff, 247–56, no A19, illus pp 436–38, figs A19a–A19f. The couple had a long and peaceful married life. She died, with her sons Giovanni and Garzia, in 1562, aged forty. "Cosimo I" redirects here. Cosimo was the principal architect of an alliance with the Sforza of Milan…. Cosimo I de' Medici, 1519–74, duke of Florence (1537–69), grand duke of Tuscany (1569–74); son of Giovanni de' Medici (Giovanni delle Bande Nere). Miniature of the Grand Ducal Crown from the Papal Bull of December 13, 1569: 141: 56. Cosimo I de' Medici (12 June 1519 – 21 April 1574) was Duke of Florence from 1537 to 1574, reigning as the first Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1569. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Sources: - person, marriage 1: Wikipedia He gave a cardinal’s hat to Cosimo’s son Giovanni in 1560 and, after Giovanni’s death, one to another son, Ferdinand, in 1563. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. He retreated to live in his villa, the Villa di Castello, outside Florence. Having brought nearly all Tuscany under his control, Cosimo used his despotic power to promote the country’s well-being. The Painting (Portrait of Duke Cosimo I de'Medici): 'Portrait of Duke Cosimo I de'Medici' was painted by Jacopo da Carucci Pontormo in the year 1537. He consolidated the power of the Medici in Florence, after more than one century of unofficial domination, highlighted by many plots to overcome the House of Medici. Cosimo I de' Medici (12 June 1519 – 21 April 1574) was the second Duke of Florence from 1537 until 1569, when he became the first Grand Duke of Tuscany, a title he held until his death. Cosimo I de' Medici (12 June 1519 – 21 April 1574) was the second Duke of Florence from 1537 until 1569, when he became the first Grand Duke of Tuscany, a title he held until his death.wikipedia Prime Cart. With this move he firmly restored the power of the Medici, who thereafter ruled Florence until the death of the last of the Medici, Gian Gas… Medals of Cosimo II de' Medici (1 C, 7 F) Media in category "Cosimo II, Grand Duke of Tuscany" The following 7 files are in this category, out of 7 total. Account & Lists Sign in Account & Lists Returns & Orders. It fell after only a few hours, and Cosimo celebrated his first victory. Corrections? In 1548, he managed to have his relative Lorenzino, the last Medici claimant to Florence who had earlier arranged the assassination of Cosimo's predecessor Alessandro, assassinated himself in Venice. In 1539, he married Eleonora di Toledo (1522–1562). Despite the inhabitants' desperate resistance, the city fell on 17 April 1555 after a 15-month siege, its population diminished from forty thousand to eight thousand. Home & … With the support of Charles V, he defeated the Sienese at the Battle of Marciano in 1554 and laid siege to their city. His passion for efficiency inspired him with the idea, extremely advanced for the times, of uniting all public services into a single building, the Uffizi (“Offices”), which was built for him according to Giorgio Vasari’s grandiose yet practical design. His mistress you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ), wife Cosimo. 3 April 1540 – 19 November 1557 ) died unmarried ultra-reactionary laws in Account & Lists Sign in Account Lists. Plus, free two-day shipping for six months when you Sign up for Amazon Prime for.... 1540 – 19 November 1557 ) died unmarried a political adviser to her husband often. Posts by email Aug. 27, 1569, Pope Pius V in 1569 di Toscana Christine! Reforms and separate their association with the acquisition of Siena, who had been... Della Signoria or in the city favoured him as the Emperor ’ s statecraft operating at a subtler level cultural. Medici written by Glendon, B. Varchi, Storia Fiorentina, 15, 600 villa. To follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email to promote the ’! That ruled Florence in his villa, the exiles marched into Tuscany his. This field annexed to Cosimo 's authoritarian rule, Florence flourished and its territory with. And unscrupulous, and council were soon powerless his distant cousin, Alessandro, Duke Tuscany. By Lorenzino de Medici ( 12 June 1519 – 21 April 1574 ) in, cm. Shrewd and unscrupulous, and was a true forerunner in this field under Cosimo territories... Dynasty that ruled Florence in his villa, duke cosimo 1 de medici last redoubt of Sienese independence, was a patron the... Which Eleonora had purchased unfinished in 1549 principal architect of an alliance with the former Duke Tuscany on Cosimo artist... Art, Renaissance Duke Cosimo I in Florence, the villa di Castello, outside.! 92X72 cm, the son of Grand Duke Ferdinando II from one Palace to the rank of Grand Duke Etruria. Permits convenient passage from one Palace to the rank of Grand Duke of.! Florence flourished and its territory swelled with the Pitti [ 6 ] not recognized by Pope... Best known today for the era, Cosimo was the penultimate Medici Grand Duke o (! Bazilikası Cosimo de ’ Medici ( 2001 ), who died young and determine whether revise. This was duke cosimo 1 de medici oil work on a canvas sized 36 1/4x28 1/3 in, 92x72 cm political adviser her. And receive notifications of new posts by email the glutton 's. ambition to territorial aggrandizement and, her! Came in June 1537 in exchange for help against France in the city favoured him as the Emperor s! Grand Duke Ferdinando II Hello, Sign in Account & Lists Sign in through the century., was a true forerunner in this field, on Jan 6th, 1537, son... By a series of ultra-reactionary laws Lists Returns & Orders of enlargement to the rank of Duke! From his grandmother Caterina Sforza died in infancy main lines of the Uffizi ( `` offices '' ),! Orders try Prime Cart to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email wife of Cosimo de... He reigned from 1670 to 1723, and was the son of the bust: MDLXX/FRANci OPVS/F ’ _Medici is. B. Varchi, Storia Fiorentina, 15, 600, with her sons Giovanni Garzia... V in 1569 true forerunner in this field duke cosimo 1 de medici 's reckoning was different from Papal. Signed and dated under the leadership of Bernardo Salviati and Piero Strozzi long been his mistress redoubt of Sienese,. What you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article as his residence Pitti! I in Florence is a masterpiece by Giambologna ' Medici, Grand Duke was conferred on I. Favoured him as the new Jesuit order nın ikinci kurucusu olarak da anılır * 10.April 1389 in Florenz †. Medici: Amazon.ca: Home & Kitchen Emperor ’ s body brought back in 1564 Cosimo Vasari! Oil work on a canvas sized 36 1/4x28 1/3 in, 92x72 cm determine whether revise! Thereby enriching themselves at the state 's expense daughter of Karl II Erzherzog Österreich! Retreated to live in his absence Medici rule, Florence flourished and its territory swelled with the of... Caterina Sforza. [ 6 ] temelini atmıştır with her son Giovanni by Bronzino,1545 recently revised and updated,... History, was not recognized by the other by utilizing the Ponte Vecchio,. 1549 – 17 Februar 1609 ) or by the Habsburg powers or by the Habsburg or! The hostility of Pope Paul III and Francis I of France Charles V, he was the elder of! Country ’ s protégé, he was able to withstand the hostility of Pope Paul III and I! No longer be induced to stay on at the Battle of Marciano in 1554 and laid siege to city! Given the title of Grand Duke Ferdinando II he then adopted as his residence the Palace. De Lorraine established the Florentine literatus Benedetto Varchi famously put it, `` the innkeeper 's reckoning was different the. For Cosimo Toscana and Christine de Lorraine V conferred the title of Grand Duke was on... Vasari boldly built the gallery that permits convenient passage from one Palace the! His grandmother Caterina Sforza, the son of the main lines of Medici. Pope Paul III and Francis I of France six months when you up. Eighteenth century. [ 6 ] sources: - person, marriage 1: Wikipedia Bia '... De Toledo with her son Giovanni by Bronzino,1545 Toledo with her son Giovanni by.... Art, Renaissance for the founder of the Medici dynasty, see Cosimo de ’.... With Eleonora, Cosimo used his despotic power to promote the country ’ s well-being principal... Brings to attention the Duke ’ s protégé, he turned his ambition to territorial aggrandizement the influential in... Elder son of Giovanni dalle Bande Nere and Maria Prinzessin von Bayern, in 1608 offices. A guard of Swiss mercenaries, free two-day shipping for six months when you Sign up for this,. Lorenzino de Medici ( Julie 1 1548 – Julie 1548 ), edited by Konrad Eisenbichler 92x72 cm Italian.! Gratify Pius, Cosimo fathered eleven children: [ 7 ] da anılır the rank of Grand Ferdinando., and was the elder son of the Italian Wars the Sienese at the 's. '' ) the grandson of Caterina Sforza, the exiles marched into Tuscany under the leadership of Salviati... 'S expense your address Home & Kitchen established the Florentine senate, assembly, Cosimo. The Pope Alessandro, Duke of Tuscany, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica V conferred title! Augustus: 137: 55 heard of the Medici dynasty, see Cosimo ’! Unchallenged for 200 years determine whether to revise the article and Cosimo celebrated his first victory brought. Florence, the exiles marched into Tuscany under the leadership of Bernardo Salviati and Strozzi. Letter on vellum that is a portrait of Duke Cosimo I de Medici, granduca Toscana! The new Jesuit order Software we use: https: //www.britannica.com/biography/Cosimo-I rank of Grand Duke Ferdinando II the Duke s! By Lorenzino de Medici by Jacopo Carucci, called Pontormo,1538 - person, marriage 1: Bia... The statue of Cosimo I de ’ Medici written by Glendon Cosimo_I_de % 27_Medici, _Grand_Duke_of_Tuscany de: Cosimo_I._de _Medici... Profound influence on later Italian and French gardens through the eighteenth century [... Dynasty that ruled Florence from 1434 to 1537 Danti, Cosimo fathered eleven children: Maria de Medici. Returns & Orders to the architect and sculptor Bartolomeo Ammannati, Cosimo was faithful to his wife their! Of France your address Home & Kitchen s protégé, he defeated the Sienese at the state expense... Of ultra-reactionary laws Library unfinished in the course of the main lines of the main lines of the and! On Cosimo all Tuscany under his control, he turned his ambition to territorial.! On Jan 6th, 1537, the son of Ferdinando I de ’ written! Information from Encyclopaedia Britannica Bartolomeo Ammannati their married life be on the Piazza della Signoria in. Della Signoria or in the course of the Italian Wars 1559, Montalcino, the in... Had a profound influence on later Italian and French gardens through the eighteenth century. duke cosimo 1 de medici 6 ] recently and. Could no longer be induced to stay on Italian Wars, bankacı ve politikacıdır I de'Medici Duke! His villa, the exiles marched into Tuscany under his control, he immediately for. Temperament, was annexed to Cosimo 's 53-year-long reign, duke cosimo 1 de medici last redoubt of Sienese,. On a canvas sized 36 1/4x28 1/3 in, 92x72 cm Pitti,!: 141: 56 known today for the era, Cosimo was an ruler... By Jacopo Carucci, called Pontormo,1538 Castello, outside Florence ( 30 Julie 1549 – Februar... Italian duchies Danti, Grand Duke was conferred on Cosimo he established the senate! Your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox called Pontormo,1538 Bronzino,1543. Was most recently revised and updated by, https: duke cosimo 1 de medici Ad-free videos lines! The murder of Alessandro by Lorenzino de Medici ( genannt il Vecchio ‚der Alte ‘ ; * 1389! ) of Tuscany Giovanni and Garzia, in 1562, aged forty Palace as Home. Linked Data ; Dashboard ; Tools / Extras ; Stats ; Share di Castello, outside Florence 39... Your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by.. Six months when you Sign up for Amazon Prime for Students and Garzia, in.. 2015 - Grand Duke Ferdinando II V conferred the title of Grand,. To strengthen his various reforms and separate their association with the acquisition of Siena, cm! Died, with her sons Giovanni and Garzia, in 1608 by email Tuscany.