He was later appointed vice president under President Gerald Ford. A progressive Republican, he focused on education, welfare, housing, transportation and the arts. Bu… Nelson A. Rockefeller was a vice president of the United States, a governor of New York, and a multimillionaire noted for his generosity and his collections of modern and primitive art. Throughout the ensuing campaign, he steadfastly refused to endorse Goldwater’s candidacy. It was for this reason primarily that Rockefeller Center decided to destroy it.". Updates? On August 20, Ford nominated Rockefeller to be the next Vice President of the United States. Rockefeller, it is to be recalled, had made bids for the Presidency in 1960, 1964 and 1968, but the voters had always resoundingly rejected him in the primaries. After the assassination of President Kennedy in 1963, Lyndon Johnson became President. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. No need to register, buy now! Born into the famous American Rockefeller family, Nelson was an heir to Standard Oil Co. Inc., the largest oil refiner in the world of its time. Nelson Rockefeller, 41st vice president of the United States (1974–77) in the administration of President Gerald Ford, four-term governor of New York (1959–73), and leader of the liberal wing of the Republican Party. In considering potential nominees, Rockefeller was one of three primary candidates. He used New York's budget to refurbish state infrastructure, from highways to schools, welfare systems and state parks, along with "pay as you go" tax reforms. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. He unsuccessfully sought the presidential nomination of his party three times. Nelson Rockefeller proved so successful in renting out space in the newly constructed Rockefeller Center that his father made him president of the Center. Gerald Ford, four-term governor of New York (1959–73), and leader of the liberal wing of the Republican Party. As director of Creole Petroleum—a Standard Oil affiliate with large holdings in Venezuela—from 1935 to 1940, Rockefeller acquired fluency in Spanish and a profound interest in Latin America. His impressive career in public service would ultimately help to integrate the Rockefeller name with the American political arena. On December 19, 1974, Nelson Rockefeller was sworn in as Vice President of the United States, a job he was not elected to, to serve under President Gerald Ford, another guy not elected to the office he held, or even to the vice presidency before that! Because of Rockefellers association with the successful Eisenhower Rockefeller won the 1960 election. Following a nine-month honeymoon, he worked at the London and Paris branches of Chase National Bank—a business owned in large part by the Rockefeller family. and the government continued to function smoothly. In 1971 he ordered the assault on Attica prison in which 33 inmates and 10 hostages were killed. He was nominated as vice president by Ford, who assumed the presidency upon Nixon’s resignation amid the Watergate scandal, and after weeks of intense congressional hearings he was confirmed by the House and Senate on December 19, 1974. A member of the Rockefeller family, he was also a noted businessman, art collector, and philanthropist. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Nelson-Rockefeller, Spartacus Educational - Biography of Nelson Rockefeller, United States Senate - Biography of Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller, PBS - American Experience - Biography of Nelson A. Rockefeller, Nelson A. Rockefeller - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up), vice president of the United States of America. Nelson Mandela was the first Black president of South Africa, elected after time in prison for his anti-apartheid work. Jan 31, 2017 - Explore Cyril Dray's board "Nelson Rockefeller" on Pinterest. Nelson Rockefeller served as vice president under President Gerald Ford, and prior to that was the 49th governor of New York state. Rockefeller died of a heart attack in New York City on January 26, 1979. Seeking an elective rather than appointive office, Rockefeller ran for governor of New York in 1958 against the incumbent, W. Averell Harriman, and in an otherwise Democratic year won by more than 500,000 votes. Rockefeller earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in economics at Dartmouth College in 1930, and, upon graduation, married Mary Todhunter Clark. In 1933, he served as a member of the Westchester County (New York) Board of Health. Rockefeller was married twice. This is the office Rockefeller will use as president of the Senate. On Jan. 26, 1979, at 12:20 a.m., former Vice President Nelson Rockefeller died from a heart attack while sitting at his desk at Rockefeller Center, working on a book about his personal art collection.. At least, that was what the papers said. Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller (July 8, 1908 – January 26, 1979) was a liberal Republican American politician and businessman. Vice President Gerald Ford ascended to the presidency, leaving the office of vice president vacant. Born into the famous American Rockefeller family, Nelson was an heir to … Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). . Nelson A. Rockefeller Electoral history of Nelson Rockefeller , 41st Vice President of the United States (1974–1977), 49th Governor of New York (1959–1973) and three-time candidate for the Republican Party presidential nomination (1960; 1964; 1968). President Ford, center, meets with Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, right, and Vice President Nelson Rockefeller in the Oval Office on April 28, 1975, to … Born on July 8, 1908, in Bar Harbor, Maine, Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller was the third of six children born to John D. Rockefeller Jr. and his first wife, Abby Aldrich Rockefeller. . One of David’s brothers was Nelson, governor of the state of New York and US vice-President between 1974 and 1977. Nelson Rockefeller was a grandson of John D. Rockefeller Sr., founder of Standard Oil, and the son of John D. Rockefeller Jr. After working in business and government, in 1958, Rockefeller was elected governor of New York, serving four terms. He returned to government service during the administration of Harry S. Truman as head of the International Development Advisory Board in 1950, and two years later he was appointed chairman of a presidential advisory committee on government organization by president-elect Dwight D. Eisenhower. He retired from politics following Jimmy Carter’s election and died in 1979. Omissions? Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. May 21, 2016 - Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller DOB 8 Jul 1908 DOD 26 Jan 1979 New York Term of service 19 Dec 1974 to 20 Jan 1977 Republican Previous office 49th Governor of New York. In 1974, just one year after resigning as governor, Rockefeller was nominated for the vice presidency by President Gerald Ford. With Nixon out of the presidential contest in 1964, Rockefeller again sought the Republican nomination. A wing of New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art is named in his honor. President Ford and Vice President Nelson A. Rockefeller leave the White House Thursday night on their way to Capitol Hill where Rockefeller is to be sworn-in as the 41st vice president of the United States. Nelson Rockefeller, in full Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller, (born July 8, 1908, Bar Harbor, Maine, U.S.—died January 26, 1979, New York City), 41st vice president of the United States (1974–77) in the Republican administration of Pres. In the Pedro J. Rosario v. Nelson Rockefeller case, the U.S. Sup… Although Rockefeller lost the nomination to the more conservative Nixon, he would to try to win the party's nomination again in 1964. An avid art collector and patron, Rockefeller died in New York City in 1979. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. See more ideas about Nelson rockefeller, Estate interior, Tarrytown new york. The Democratic Contender for President was Adlai Stevenson (this being his third attempt after a failure in 1952 and 1956). He was from one of the richest and most powerful families in the United States. He unsuccessfully sought the presidential nomination of his party three times. Rockefeller fully expected that after the demise of President Ford, he would indeed be King Nelson I. https://www.biography.com/political-figure/nelson-rockefeller. Nelson A. Rockefeller of New York, who had indicated late in 1959 that he might seek the Republican nomination, withdrew in late December in the face of almost total opposition by Republican Party leaders. From 1959 to 1973, prior to becoming the vice-president, he served as the 49 th governor of New York. After the Watergate scandal, Gerald Ford selected Rockefeller as his Vice President. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In 1931, despite the country's entrance into the throes of the Great Depression, ground had broken on Rockefeller Center, which had been initiated by John Jr. in the late 1920s and was the largest private construction project in New York City at the time. https://www.biography.com/political-figure/nelson-rockefeller The son of John D. Rockefeller Jr., Nelson Rockefeller served four terms as governor of New York. Reflecting deep divisions between liberal and conservative Republicans, Rockefeller, who had denounced Goldwater as an extremist, was heckled by Goldwater supporters during his address. Property records indicated the home is currently owned by one of the former vice president’s sons, Nelson Rockefeller Jr. Actor Judd Nelson has made a career out of playing bad guys and antiheroes. As leader of the party’s liberal wing, he was opposed by conservative Barry Goldwater, who won the nomination by a slim margin. In 1958, Rockefeller successfully campaigned for the governorship of New York—a victory that made him an instant contender for the Republican presidential nomination in 1960. Reelected governor in 1962, 1966, and 1970, Rockefeller oversaw massive changes in New York’s fiscal, cultural, and educational policies and facilities. Nelson Rockefeller, the son and grandson of billionaires and a billionaire in his own right when there fewer than a baker's dozen of such creatures, was a major force in national politics for three decades. At the convention, Rockefeller fought strongly, though unsuccessfully, to maintain a commitment to civil rights in the Republican platform. Johnson had no Vice President until January 1965 . In his later terms however, Rockefeller became increasingly controversial. Rockefeller again entered the presidential race in 1968 and again was defeated for the nomination—for the second time by Nixon. He subsequently served as vice president, under Ford, from 1974 to 1977. Although he was a Republican in the Democratic administration of Franklin D. Roosevelt, Rockefeller rose to the position of assistant secretary of state for Latin American affairs in 1944. Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller (July 8, 1908 – January 26, 1979) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1977, as well as serving the Roosevelt, Truman and Eisenhower administrations in a variety of positions. While Rockefeller is widely credited with demolishing Rivera's mural, John Jr. later attempted to explain the incident, stating, "The picture was obscene and, in the judgment of Rockefeller Center, an offense to good taste. Had either attempt succeeded, Nelson Rockefeller—brother of David Rockefeller, then chairman of the Council on Foreign Relations—would have become President without receiving a single vote. His portrayal of a tough teenager in 'The Breakfast Club' helped him become a star. Later, in 1974, he was appointed vice president of the United States by President Gerald Ford. 1974 Press Photo President Ford and new VP Nelson Rockefeller leave White House This is an original press photo. Rockefeller served as Governor of New York from 1959-1973. Garrett Morgan blazed a trail for African American inventors with his patents, including those for a hair-straightening product, a breathing device, a revamped sewing machine and an improved traffic signal. Graduated from Dartmouth College in 1930 with a degree in economics, he spent the remainder of the decade working for a number of family enterprises, including Chase National (later Chase Manhattan) Bank, Rockefeller Center, and Creole Petroleum. By 1938, at 30 years old, Rockefeller was named the president of Rockefeller Center, Inc. His tenure, however, was not without controversy: In 1934, he famously ordered the demolition of a mural by Mexican artist Diego Rivera, entitled "Man at the Crossroads," which portrayed Soviet leader Vladimir Lenin. After a very successful Vice Presidency Nelson Rockefeller announced his candidacy for President. He earned negative publicity after he ordered the removal from Rockefeller Center of murals painted by the noted Mexican artist Diego Rivera, which contained a heroic Lenin and a villainous-looking J.P. Morgan. Nelson Rockefeller was an American businessman and politician who served as the 41st U.S. Vice President of the United States, from 1974 to 1977, in the administration of Gerald Ford. Chester A. Arthur was the 21st president of the United States. An ensuing publish backlash against the Rockefellers—who, after long proclaiming a deep dedication to the arts, now looked both hypocritical and tyrannical—reportedly humiliated Rockefeller's mother, Abby, who, in response to the negative publicity, stated that she had never wanted the mural to be destroyed. The state university system was greatly expanded, and the number of state employees and the size of the budget doubled and quadrupled, respectively. Upon President Nixon's resignation on August 9, 1974, Vice President Gerald Ford assumed the presidency. From 1953 to 1955 Rockefeller served as undersecretary of the newly created Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. On August 9, 1974, Republican President Richard Nixon was forced to resign following the Watergate Scandal. Appointed head of Ford’s Domestic Council, Rockefeller attempted to create a role for himself as the president’s principal adviser on domestic policy, but his efforts were hampered by the liberal character of some of his proposals and the opposition of other administration officials. Rockefeller Republicans were most common in the Northeast and the … © 2020 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. He went on to enter national and international politics in 1940, when he was appointed coordinator of the Office of Inter-American Affairs by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. We strive for accuracy and fairness. He won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993. He was a grandson of one of America’s wealthiest people, John D. Rockefeller, Sr., founder of the Standard Oil Company. Nelson would later receive presidential appointments by Harry S. Truman, Dwight D. Eisenhower and Richard Nixon. Baby Face Nelson was a bank robber and killer in the 1920s and '30s, and a criminal associate of John Dillinger. At first, Rockefeller governed as a reform-minded liberal. Considering his pedigree, it's no surprise Rockefeller rose to become a political powerhouse. From 1974 to 1977, he served as the 41 st Vice President of the country. His maternal grandfather, Nelson Aldrich, was an influential senator from Rhode Island; his paternal grandfather, John D. Rockefeller Sr., founded Standard Oil, becoming the wealthiest man in the United States during the 19th century—and continuing to hold that status for decades thereafter. While he had commissioned Rivera to complete a mural in the RCA building, located at Rockefeller Center, Rockefeller (along with several others who managed to view the work before it was publicly unveiled) disliked Rivera's insertion of Lenin—an addition that was neither approved nor known about in advance. By many accounts, Rockefeller was the leader among his siblings as well as his mother's favorite. Nelson Rockefeller was a Republican who was often deemed to be progressive, moderate and liberal. With his first wife, Mary, Rockefeller had three sons, Rodman, Steve and Michael, and two daughters, Ann and Mary; with second wife Margaretta Murphy, he had two sons, Nelson Jr. and Mark. Ultimately Rockefeller wins the primary and proceeds on to the election for president. The Rockefeller Republicans, also called Moderate or Liberal Republicans, were members of the Republican Party (GOP) in the 1930s–1970s who held moderate to liberal views on domestic issues, similar to those of Nelson Rockefeller, Governor of New York (1959–1973) and Vice President of the United States (1974–1977). His victory made him a prominent candidate for the Republican presidential nomination in 1960, but he withdrew when it became clear that Richard M. Nixon would be the nominee. Geraldine A. Ferraro was a member of Congress and the first woman to run for the U.S. vice presidency on a major party platform. That bid was also met with failure, as his campaign became mired in controversy surrounding his divorce from wife Mary Todhunter Clark Rockefeller and subsequent marriage to the much younger Margaretta "Happy" Murphy. As the 1976 presidential campaign drew near, Ford was challenged for the Republican nomination by conservative Ronald Reagan, and Rockefeller, viewed as a political liability, announced that he did not wish to be considered for renomination as vice president. He served as vice president at the time President James Garfield was assassinated, and acceded to the presidency thereafter. but neither did President Truman for over 3 years . Find the perfect nelson rockefeller vice president stock photo. The artist had reportedly included the Soviet leader in his mural in an attempt to portray the turbulent political atmosphere at the time, which was largely defined by conflicting capitalist and socialist ideologies and escalating fears regarding the growth of the Communist Party. It was during this term that Rockefeller, amid a storm of controversy, refused to visit the state prison at Attica during the riot there that led to the deaths of 43 inmates and guards. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. Former New York Governor Nelson Rockefeller was chosen as the 41st Vice President of the United States in 1974. Joining the staff overseeing the Center development, Rockefeller quickly rose through the ranks by helping shepherd the ambitious project through a time of economic turmoil. Photo measures 10 x 8.25inches. Even as a child, he spoke of becoming president one day. Michael Clark Rockefeller (May 18, 1938 – presumed to have died November 19, 1961) was the fifth child of New York Governor and future U.S. Vice President Nelson Rockefeller, and a fourth-generation member of the Rockefeller family.He disappeared during an expedition in the Asmat region of southwestern Netherlands New Guinea, which is now a part of the Indonesian province of Papua. . In 1970, however, he won his fourth term as governor, defeating former United States Supreme Court justice and UN representative Arthur Goldberg by nearly 700,000 votes. Washington. Rockefeller was sworn in last night as the 41st vice president of the United States. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! Rockefeller was the son of John D. Rockefeller, Jr., a businessman, and Abby Greene Aldrich. Mobster John "Junior" Gotti allegedly served as a capo in the Gambino family and was the acting boss when his father, John Gotti was in prison. Jerry Lawson brought interchangeable video games into people's homes with the invention of the Fairchild Channel F, the precursor to modern video game systems. In 1945 Rockefeller left the federal government and a year later became one of the founders of a private nonprofit group formed to help developing nations in Latin America. Rocky bestrode the State of New York like a colossus in the 1960s, serving four terms as governor of the Empire State between 1959 and 1973. Corrections? Anne Rice is a best-selling author of popular series including 'Vampire Chronicles,' which includes the books 'Interview with the Vampire' and 'Queen of the Damned.'. Nelson Rockefeller, the son and grandson of billionaires and a billionaire in his own right when there fewer than a baker's dozen of such creatures, was a major force in national politics for three decades. Although he didn't find success as a presidential candidate (he ran unsuccessfully again in 1968), Rockefeller won high praise for his work as governor of New York, serving four consecutive terms in that position. . He retired from politics in 1977 and remains the only Vice … Photo is dated 12-20-1974. In 1940 he took his first post with the federal government as coordinator of inter-American affairs at the State Department. Digging Deeper Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Headstrong and full of energy, Rockefeller had a rocky relationship with his father, who tried to bestow on his children the values of modesty and restraint—qualities deemed to be of little use by the ambitious young Rockefeller. Rockefeller was also known as a collector and patron of art. The other two were then-United States Ambassador to NATO Donald Rumsfeld, whom Ford eventually chose as his Chief of Staff and later Secretary of Defense, and then-Republican National Committee Chairman George H.W. During his time in New York, Rockefeller's interest in government began to shine through. Rockefeller retired as governor in 1973 to focus on a fourth bid for the Republican nomination and devote time to the National Commission on Critical Choices for America, a private research initiative, and the Commission on Water Quality. Nelson Rockefeller was an eminent American politician and businessman. Nelson Rockefeller was an American businessman and politician who served as the 41st U.S. Vice President of the United States, from 1974 to 1977, in the administration of Gerald Ford. Vice President Nelson A. Rockefeller sits in his office on Capitol Hill Friday. Nixon entered some of the primaries, but only to demonstrate his…. See more ideas about nelson rockefeller, vice president, presidents. He served as a trustee of the Museum of Modern Art and was the founder and president of the Museum of Primitive Art (in 1982 incorporated into the Metropolitan Museum of Art as the Michael C. Rockefeller Memorial Wing), both in New York City. A moderate and a progressive, Republicans who had similar views were known as "Rockefeller Republicans." On to the more conservative Nixon, he steadfastly refused to endorse ’. 2017 - Explore Cyril Dray 's board `` Nelson Rockefeller was chosen as the 41st vice President President... Stock photo nominated Rockefeller to be progressive, moderate and liberal known as a member of Congress the. Family, he served as undersecretary of the Republican platform 1977, he served governor., 1908 – January 26, 1979 ) was a liberal Republican American politician and businessman Arts! 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